Eco design basically means designing for a building or product that will result in the most positive impact on the environment. It is a design style that eliminates the possibility of increasing global warming impact and greenhouse gasses emissions.
In the construction and building industry, many contractors are now incorporating sustainable designs into the options that they offer. Some construction companies are even concentrating on designing green and staying away from tradition building techniques that use traditional, non-renewable and costly materials. Going Green means going natural and if your building is built with natural materials you can only expect the best living and working conditions inside and outside.
Construction designers are now taking on Eco Design concept throughout the designing process; from choosing the materials, to the preferred energy system to be used, and to waste disposal system.
Use of Eco Materials
By using materials sourced naturally, the environment is being saved from losing the supply of non-renewable resources. This is very important in the objective to save the earth from total destruction. Local raw materials are less costly and they reduce environmental shipping costs, greenhouse gasses commissions and fuel consumption.
Aside from using natural materials, use of recycled materials is also an important aspect of eco designing. It is essential though to keep in mind that using recycled and recyclable materials must not generate waste during the manufacturing process or once the materials life cycle has reached its end.
Materials that can be reclaimed and reused include timber or wood and stones. These materials can be obtained from junkyards of directly from the construction site. In most cases, wood and timber are used as support beams for new buildings or to be used as furniture. Stones gathered from excavation sites are useful as retaining wall. When these reclaimed items are used there is less energy consumed because no new products are made and a new natural quality is successfully achieved.
Water Recycling System
Eco Design is also about making sure that water system within the site is sustainably achieved. This is where water recycling comes in and the best way to do this is by installation of rainwater tanks that will harvest water that can be used in many purposes.
Use of grey water is also a good way of avoid wastage of drinking water. In households, it has become essential to use grey water in order to lessen the stresses on the water supplies, reduce the costs and usage of home water, and to support the blooming landscapes. Fresh water is very precious and it is very wise to know how to properly use it so that it can be reused in the objective to live sustainably. That is why it has become essential for Eco design to incorporate effective water recycling systems.
One of the best ways to achieve sustainable living is to live off-grid. This means not having to rely on electricity power from big companies that make use of power from non-renewable resources. If your home or commercial building has its own power source system, you get to save money on utility bills while living healthier and saving the environment.
Off-grid electricity if clean electricity and it can be achieved by harnessing passive or active energy systems.
Passive energy system has the ability to heat up a structure with the use of non-mechanical methods, which means optimized use of the natural resources. By using the power of daylight a building can be effective heated up during the cold winter months, which will result in less energy consumption due to less reliance on electric heating systems. By positioning the building according to the position of the sun, your home can have natural heating when you need it.
Installation of green roof is another way to use passive energy and this is achieved by covering your roof with vegetation to create insulation for the regulation of outside temperature. Your green roof is your best weapon in controlling how much heat and coolness enters your home. Additional a green roof is also useful in retaining water and sound proofing your home.
Active energy system aims to provide power for the buildings by using the resources that are readily available like the heat of the sun and powers of wind and water.
One way to use active energy is to use solar power. Today, solar power is the most commonly known renewable energy resource. Solar power can be obtained by using Photovoltaic panels or thermal solar panels. A Photovoltaic panel converts solar radiation into electric current that can provide power for home appliances. A thermal solar panel, on the other hand can significantly reduce diesel and gas consumption and greenhouse gasses emissions.
Other active energy systems include Biomass (energy from organic materials), Geothermal energy (energy from harnessing ground heat) and Wind Turbine (generated energy from wind).